Austria Population & Demographics

Population facts, demographics, and trends about Austria and its world-known capital Vienna

Austria Population Facts

Austria sits in Central Europe with its capital Vienna world-known for its impressive baroque palaces and artifacts. Vienna is also known for the long classical music tradition, country of artists like Mozart, etc. Some say that Vienna is the equivalent of the French Paris in this part of Europe.



Let′s take a look at the people of Austria. At the start of 2015, Austria reached the 8.6 million inhabitants. The yearly growth rate of the Austrian population is below 1% and shows a total increase of around a million new citizens since 1989. Since 2007 the annual growth rate of the population is 0.36-0.4%. Overall in a 54-year outlook, Austria shows a population increase of 22%. Austria, when compared to world population, represents the 0.11%.

Source: Eurostat (Feb 2, 2017)


Migration & Immigration

The impact of external migration to the Austrian population growth will be minimal in 2017. There will be a slight increase to the people seeking permanent residence in Austria compared to the people leaving the country.



The median age in Austria is 43.5 years. Austria shows characteristics of a highly developed country, i.e., high quality of health care and education level, long life expectancy, and low birth and death rates.

Almost 68% of the Austrian population belongs to the 15-64 age group. Females prevail nearly 3% over males contrary to the world ratio.


Life expectancy

The life expectancy at birth is an indicator that gives the expected life in years of a newborn infant assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime. For Austria, the total life expectancy at birth (males and females) is 79.8 years. Austria exceeds the average global life expectancy indicator by 8.8 years as the global index value is 71 years. Breaking up the sexes, the male life expectancy in Austria is 76.9 years and for females 82.8 years.


Age dependency ratio

This age dependency ratio shows the percent of the population that does not belong to the Austrian workforce. The productive age group is the 15-64 years old. The total dependency ratio of population in Austria is 47.7%. Still, the pressure of those dependents to the productive age group is relatively small.


The main cities in Austria

66.3% of the Austrians live in urban settlements, and this analogy remains intact across a sixty years period starting from 1955 to today with a deviation below 2%. This fact is impressive and shows that there are no movements during this extended period between the large settlements and the villages.

Austria has a population density of 102.4 people per square kilometer. The total area of Austria is 83.870 km2. Vienna is the capital and the country′s largest city. Here are the biggest cities in Austria and their population (April 1, 2015): Vienna (1,805,681), Bregenz (379,613), Eisenstadt (288,472), Graz (16,401), Innsbruck (730,444), Klagenfurt (557,754), Linz (1,439,592), Salzburg (539,612), Sankt Pölten (1,638,618).